Sunday, May 19, 2013
Faience beads secrets of ancient Egypt
The beads were found in the tombs of Egyptian faience goes back thousands of years. They are easily identifiable because they were pearls and other porcelain objects have a characteristic blue-green glaze. It is believed that the Egyptians have obtained the technology from Mesopotamia, where he was known to use a ceramic techniques from 6,000 years ago.
Can an object such as tiles and ceramics, such as clay, but do not contain clay. The waste produced is made of crushed stone, when drilling in stone with a copper pipe drill. The copper tube contributes to fine particles of copper to the mixture, which is partly out of a bluish green color of the ceramic edge. Sodium chloride (table salt), and add the pure crystals of quartz and sand, and a small amount of lime to the mix. When heated, and quartz crystals melt and merge, resulting in a solid material similar to each clay and glass, but also to any one of them.
The powder components are mixed with a small amount of water which forms the raw dough, for example the product. Was poured into molds or formed around the stems of the plant in the balls. Even dry, emigrated in the mixture of salt on the surface of the body, creating a mysterious appearance, and paint the outside white. This is the painting that, once cooked at temperatures greater than 800 ° C, the glass becomes the material turns into a glass, and creates a ceramic coating on the surface and the like. Stems that form around the beads burned during the shooting, leaving a hole that is in place to extend this
The most common clay tjehnet called by the Egyptians. Sometimes it has been called khshdj, too, the Egyptians used the same word in "Lapis Lazuli", a semi-precious stone. Associated with these two words to the words the essence of transport elements Egyptians who are bright, flashing lights or glare. It was thought that China will shine light symbolic of life, rebirth and immortality. The pearls that make up the breast or chest funeral ornaments on mummies in the tomb of almost all known in Egypt.
Because it is produced using a waste product of the process of cut stone - building material of choice for Egyptians - apparently there was an endless amount of raw materials to do so. The panels have become so popular and produced on a large scale in Egypt, which was used by commoners faience beads to decorate everyday items such as clothes or shoes. E 'was also widely used for statues of animals and other sacred objects, as well as glasses and other containers.
Now the Egyptians are still for the production of beads, and other objects using a technique of faience.